April 10 to April 16, 2016 is a National Volunteer Week:
“Volunteers are the roots of strong communities. Just like roots are essential for trees to bloom, volunteers are essential for communities to boom. Thanks to volunteers, our communities grow strong and resilient. Even the tiniest volunteer effort leaves a profound and lasting trace in a community, much like tree rings that appear over time”.
Volunteers are the foundation of community resilience and effective emergency management.
Stay tuned for our Spring issue of HazNet haznet.ca which focuses on Volunteers and Volunteer Management in Canada (to be released during the EP week).
For resources visit https://volunteer.ca/nvw2016
Watch this video celebrating 12.7 million volunteers in Canada:
1. David Etkin, York University published a book titled Disaster Theory: An Interdisciplinary Approach to Concepts and Causes (Elsevier, Inc.). Foreword by Ian Burton, with contributions from Ken Hewitt, Joe Scanlon, Naomi Zack, John (Jack) Lindsay, Robin Cox, Jean Slick and Susan McGregor. “At last, a textbook that comprehensively spells out the theoretical basis of emergency and disaster management”.
2. The Crisis Resilience Alliance members Lorenzo Chelleri, James J Waters, Marta Olazabal and Guido Minucci have published a paper titled Resilience Trade-offs: addressing multiple scales and temporal aspects of urban resilience. The study takes a critical look at the notion of urban resilience by analysing three case studies: flood risk management in the Dutch polders, Bolivian quinoa market, and spatial diversity in the adaptive capacity of Kampala slums. The paper has been awarded OPEN ACCESS status and can be downloaded for free.
4. The article titled Public-private partnerships for the development of disaster resilient communities by Justine Chen, Ted HsuanYun Chen, Ilan Vertinsky, Lilia Yumagulova and Chansoo Park has been reprinted in the City Resilience compendium by Taylor and Francis. Edited by Michael Burayidi, “this four volume series rectifies this problem by bringing the work of leading thinkers on the subject and the most influential research on city resilience into one document that is readily accessible to researchers. The editor provides an introduction for each of the four volumes synthesizing the articles and identifying the essential message conveyed in the volume”.
Investments to be targeted at reducing flood risks under the New Building Canada Fund. The program is aimed at reducing flood-related costs for all levels of government and contributing to establishing conditions for the introduction of a residential flood insurance market in Canada. Announced in Economic Action Plan 2013, the New Building Canada Fund provides $14 billion to support significant infrastructure projects across Canada as identified by the provinces and territories, which can include mitigation infrastructure to help prevent natural disasters.
Flood mitigation investments are needed in Canada. Since inception in 1970, the DFAA have been applied to over 210 events, with total payments of over $3.4 billion made to provinces and territories. Of those 210 events, 190 were flood-related, representing more than 85 per cent of all DFAA-funded recovery efforts.
From 1970-1995, DFAA payments averaged $10 million per year; from 1996 to 2011, the average annual payment grew to $118 million, and increased to $280 million in 2012-2013.
The cost-sharing ratios that see the federal government cover up to 90 per cent of eligible expenses for disaster recovery have been maintained.
As of February 1, 2015, the threshold under the DFAA for provinces and territories will be adjusted to meet to half the rate of inflation over the past 44 years. This is consistent with the federal standard; other federal departments are regularly indexed to reflect inflation. To ensure that the program is sustainable for Canadians, beginning in January 2016, the threshold will be indexed to keep pace with inflation going forward.
“To strengthen Canada’s emergency management approach, we are shifting from a reactive model to one that allows us to better identify, plan for, and prevent flood risks and the costs for Canadians that comes with them. Through the National Disaster Mitigation Program, the Government of Canada will provide provinces and territories funding to help share the costs of flood mitigation measures; improving resiliency against floods, which currently account for the majority of payments through the Disaster Financial Assistance Arrangements. Our Government is also making modest adjustments to the DFAA, for the first time in 44 years, to ensure that this funding continues to be available to Canadians in a more sustainable way.”
– The Honourable Steven Blaney, Canada’s Minister of Public Safety
The Crisis Resilience Alliance (CRA) aims to produce, gather and disseminate important research on crisis management and resilience. The primary objective of the Alliance is the continuous development of inter-disciplinary and inter-institutional collaborations on crisis and resilience research. We are interested especially in the following questions: What are the distinct characteristics of decisions during crises? What makes organizations and systems resilient to crises? How we can improve crisis management and develop resilient organizations and communities?
The Crisis Resilience Alliance
FEPA Research Unit
The University of British Columbia
2045 – 2424 Main Mall
Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1Z4